The loss of the teeth has a great impact on the life of a person. First of all the masticatory function. Eating our favorite pizza or biting food that requires more chewing, such as meat becomes complicated. It impacts the social life as well and simple things like going to a dinner with friends can be uncomfortable.
Another important thing is the aesthetic factor. The lack of teeth makes us uncomfortable and insecure in our way of relating to others, not only in the professional environment, but also with friends.
The loss of a tooth causes changes in the dental arch , as well because the space that was previously occupied by the tooth has become an empty space that the neighboring teeth will try to fill. This is why it is important to find the best solution for this problem.
What are dental prosthesis
Dental prosthetics represent a branch of dentistry that deals with the reconstruction of damaged teeth and the replacement of missing teeth.
There are different types of prosthesis, they are generally divided into fixed dental prosthesis and removable dental prosthesis. The fixed or mobile prosthesis must satisfy following characteristics:
- Functionality: it must be functional and regain the correct phonatory and masticatory functions.
- It must be resistant and have a good durability.
- Good aesthetic aspect: it must appear as the patient’s natural teeth and restore beauty to the face and smile.
Fixed dental prosthesis
A fixed prosthesis is basically an artificial reconstruction of the crown of a damaged or absent tooth and it must seem as close as possible to its natural state. Individual crowns can be supported by a natural, living, or devitalized root, as well as by a dental implant. There are different types of fixed prosthesis: Prosthesis on implants that can be screwed or cemented or Prosthesis that lean on natural teeth and replace completely the missing teeth. It is impossible to remove it without surgery.
Semi-fixed dental prosthesis
The semi-fixed prosthesis are held in place by special bar attachments which are fixed on the dental implants. They represent the ideal solution in case of bone insufficiency and when the process of bone regeneration turns out to be too long or too expensive. Even though they are removable, they do not require adhesives to be kept in place and don’t have to be removed overnight.
Mobile dental prosthesis
A removable dental prosthesis, commonly called denture can be taken out completely. It can be partial for the replacement of one or several teeth or a complete set of teeth. It is used in case a patient does not have enough bone mass for the implants, mostly by elderly people.
The partial removable denture, when it is not a temporary solution entirely made of resin, has a metallic base (cobalt-chrome, sometimes also titanium), which lies on the remaining teeth carefully prepared for the integration of a clasp, and the mucosa. The metal makes the clasps and provides support for the prosthetic resin teeth.
Mobile prosthesis can be:
- Partial: aattached to the natural teeth or artificial elements. It is a metal structure called a skeleton. The presence of metal attachments provide a functional and masticatory stability restoring one or more dental elements.
- Total: in the absence of residual teeth or natural roots, the total resin prosthesis, also called the denture, replaces one or both dental arches resting only on the patient’s bone. Whether it is a partial or complete prosthesis, the retention can be improved spectacularly by fasteners (“snaps”) fixed on implants.