The basic rule is always the same: having good oral hygiene helps to prevent all kinds of illness and the variety of serious diseases. Otherwise, neglecting of the oral cavity hygiene could lead to dental infections that, if poorly treated, can cause serious complications for the health of the person.
Because of the lack of information, only a small amount of people know that in our mouth live about 350 species of pathogenic microorganisms or bacteria, some that are good, others not so much. The most known and widespread are:
- streptococcus mutans: represents the main cause of dental caries.
- streptococcus sanguinis: in 50% of cases they cause dental plaque.
- streptococcus salivarus: we find them mostly in saliva.
- streptococcus milleri: it causes the formation of dental abscesses
- lactobacillus: they are the main “aggressors” of the dentin as well as being the second biggest factors who cause the caries.
- porphyrius monas gingivalis: causes periodontitis
What causes dental infection?
When we eat, food and drink residues that are not carefully removed with a good brushing of the teeth and with the use of dental floss, stagnate between the dental arches, especially between one tooth and the other, developing an excellent meal for some types of bacteria listed above. The substances produced by bacteria attack dental enamel, dentin and tooth pulp producing serious infections.These infections can manifest themselves differently with more or less pathological complications and, unfortunately, they do not all have the same reactions and obvious symptoms. Here is the reason why it is eccesary to maintain the periodic checks at your dentist who, if necessary, can find and solve the problem in the embryonic phase. Indeed, dental prevention is a practice very recommended by doctors and specialists in order to avoid the risk that infections can spread progressively to the point of creating significant damage to the health of the individual. Recent studies and research have confirmed that dental infections, even if asymptomatic, contribute to the onset of coronary diseases. It has been prooved that the appereance of coronary syndrome is about 2.7 times more common in cass of the individuals who have underestimated the cure of the severe dental infection such as apical periodontitis. The research was performed on a sample of 508 patients with aproximate age of about 60 years who suffer of heart problems. The analysis of their coronary arteries has been performed with the angiography and the tomographic eami of maxillary teeth and bones.
Unfortunately, these infections develop from very simple gingivitis which, if discovered in time through a checkup by the dentist, will not lead to such high level of infection. Therefore, it is advisable to go to dental facilities with scheduled visits even if there are no obvious symptoms of caries.